Education has always been prioritized in Artsakh and was part of Armenian Christian culture and tradition. The school has always been the basis for the nation's political and cultural survival and the incentive for national progress. Historically, the first Armenian school that used Armenian script was established in Artsakh after invention of the Armenian alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots in the early 5th century A.D. Throughout the centuries, Artsakh has maintained its tradition to develop education and science. A number of historical records indicate the functioning of Armenian educational centers and schools on the territory of Artsakh.
Today, education in the Nagorno Karabakh Republic, Artsakh is mostly public and accessible to everyone. Public schools and pre-school institutions are financed from the state budget; are free and available for all students regardless their social status.
The education in Artsakh is regulated by the NKR Ministry of Education, which is also responsible for organization and management of preschool and higher educational institutions.
The preschool education is available for children from 3 to 6. Currently, there are 40 preschool institutions in Artsakh.
The secondary education is compulsory, public and free of charge. Children from 6 to 18 receive equal education, the completion of which allows receiving a higher education.
The inherited Soviet educational system, which is considered to be very comprehensive, allows children and teenagers in Artsakh to obtain the significant knowledge in exact and natural sciences, history, foreign languages and other spheres.
Higher education is offered by Artsakh’s nine universities, with the Artsakh State University (ArSU) being the republic’s only state university. State-accredited branches of various Armenian- and Moscow-based universities also offer entrants to receive a comprehensive or specialized education.
Currently, the Artsakh State University prepares specialists in 31 areas. The University has established close ties with other educational institutions and universities in Armenia and other countries. The entrants are accepted through examination and contest.